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What is Non-Alcoholic Beer? And Is It Really Alcohol-Free?

Non-alcoholic beer, though similar in appearance and taste to regular beer, is brewed in a way that either removes or never introduces alcohol.

In this article, we delve deeper into the subject, explaining what defines non-alcoholic beer, the production of non-alcoholic beer, its ingredients, nutritional information, and the benefits of drinking it.

What Is Non-Alcoholic Beer?

Non-alcoholic beer is any beer with an Alcohol By Volume (ABV) of 0.5% or less.

  • Non-Alcoholic Beer: Any beer with an alcohol content less than 0.5% ABV.
  • Low Alcohol Beer: Beer that has an alcohol content between 0.5% and 1.2% ABV. These beers are sometimes called “light” or “reduced-alcohol”.
  • Alcoholic Beer: Beer that contains more than 0.5% ABV. Sometimes called ‘full-strength’ beer.

Note that the legal definition of non-alcoholic might differ slightly between countries. In the United States, UK, Canada, and Australia, any drink with an alcohol content below 0.5% can be labeled as non-alcoholic.

Why Does Non-Alcoholic Beer Contain Some Alcohol?

Non-alcoholic beer can still contain trace amounts of alcohol. To fully comprehend this, it’s crucial to understand alcohol’s natural occurrence and the brewing process.

  1. Natural Occurrence: Alcohol, especially ethanol, is not exclusive to alcoholic beverages. In nature, alcohol can form when fruits, juices, and other sugary substances ferment. For instance, ripe fruits or even some bread can contain minute traces of alcohol due to the natural fermentation of sugars. The presence of small alcohol amounts doesn’t necessarily make a substance or drink intoxicating and non-alcoholic beers usually contain less alcohol than a banana!
  2. Brewing Process: The traditional beer production process involves fermenting sugars from malted grains using yeast. This fermentation naturally produces alcohol. When crafting non-alcoholic beer, manufacturers utilize methods to either limit the amount of alcohol produced or eliminate it after fermentation.
  3. Legal Definitions: Most jurisdictions define non-alcoholic beverages as those containing less than 0.5% ABV. This designation implies that a beverage can legally have a tiny amount of alcohol and still be labeled as non-alcoholic.

Different Styles of Non-Alcoholic Beer

Just like regular beers, non-alcoholic beers come in various styles, mimicking the taste profiles of their alcoholic counterparts. Some of these styles include:

  • Lagers: Light, crisp, and generally more carbonated.
  • Stouts: Dark, rich beers with a strong malt flavor.
  • Ales: More varied in flavor, can be fruity or spicy.
  • IPAs (India Pale Ales): Known for their hoppy bitterness.
  • Wheat Beers: Often cloudy with a light, fruity flavor.

How is Non-Alcoholic Beer Made?

There are mainly two methods brewers use to make non-alcoholic beer:

  1. Limited Fermentation: This process involves adjusting the brewing method to limit alcohol production. Brewers can achieve this by using less yeast or fermenting for a shorter period.
  2. Alcohol Removal: This method involves brewing a regular beer and then removing the alcohol. This can be done through:
    • Vacuum Distillation: By lowering the pressure, beer is boiled at a temperature lower than its regular boiling point, allowing the alcohol to evaporate without losing essential flavors.
    • Reverse Osmosis: This method involves passing the beer through a filter to separate the alcohol from the rest of the liquid.

Ingredients of Non-Alcoholic Beer

The primary ingredients of non-alcoholic beer are not vastly different from those of regular beer:

  • Water: The main component of any beer.
  • Malted Grains (like barley, wheat, or rye): Provides sugars for fermentation.
  • Hops: Adds bitterness and aroma to the beer.
  • Yeast: Converts sugars from the malted grains into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

Nutritional Information

Non-alcoholic beer typically contains fewer calories than regular beer due to the reduced alcohol content. Besides, it retains many of the beneficial nutrients and antioxidants found in regular beer. The precise nutritional profile can vary depending on the brand and style, but generally, non-alcoholic beer contains:

  • Calories: 10-50 per 100 ml.
  • Carbohydrates: 3-10 grams per 100 ml.
  • Proteins: Traces, typically less than 1 gram per 100 ml.
  • Fats: Negligible amounts.
  • Minerals and Vitamins: Such as B vitamins, potassium, and magnesium.

7 Benefits of Drinking Non-Alcoholic Beer

There are many benefits of non-alcoholic beer, including:

  1. Lower Caloric Intake: Typically having fewer calories than its alcoholic counterparts, it’s a more diet-friendly choice.
  2. Safe for Driving: Its negligible alcohol content ensures no impairment to driving skills, reducing the risk of alcohol-related accidents.
  3. Health Benefits: Packed with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties similar to regular beer but without the inherent risks of alcohol.
  4. Social Inclusion: Those who abstain from alcohol can still enjoy the sociable aspect of beer-drinking without the alcohol.
  5. Hydration: Unlike alcoholic beer which can lead to dehydration, non-alcoholic beer has a higher water content and can help keep you hydrated.
  6. Less Intoxicating: An obvious but crucial point; one can drink it without getting drunk or facing the associated negative after-effects.
  7. Versatility in Culinary Uses: Being alcohol-free, it can be used in cooking for all age groups and for people who abstain from alcohol, providing flavor without the alcohol content.

For six more benefits, read our complete guide to the benefits of non-alcoholic beer.


Non-alcoholic beer mirrors the taste and appearance of regular beer but is crafted to either limit or eliminate alcohol content.

In most countries, the definition of a non-alcoholic beer is any beer that contains 0.5% alcohol or less.

Offering a range of styles, nutritional benefits, and the social experience of beer without the inebriation, non-alcoholic beer addresses the needs of an audience keen on savoring beer without its alcoholic effects.